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Cervical Cancer

This year, an estimated 12,820 women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer and each year, more than 12,000 women are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer and (cancer that has spread from the surface of the cervix to tissue deeper in the cervix or to other body parts) and more than 4,200 will die from the disease.

Cervical cancer used to be one of the most common causes of cancer death in women in the United States. Since the introduction of the Pap test (also called a Pap smear) more than 50 years ago, the rate of death from cervical cancer has decreased dramatically.

You might be at an increased risk for cervical cancer if you are a woman who:

  • Smoking.
  • Having HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) or another condition that makes it hard for your body to fight off health problems.
  • Using birth control pills for a long time (five or more years).
  • Having given birth to three or more children.
  • Having several sexual partners.

Early on, cervical cancer may not cause signs and symptoms. Advanced cervical cancer may cause bleeding or discharge from the vagina that is not normal for you, such as bleeding after sex. If you have any of these signs, see your doctor. They may be caused by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is to see your doctor.

Cervical cancer is highly preventable in most Western countries because screening tests and a vaccine to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are available. When cervical cancer is found early, it is highly treatable and associated with long survival and good quality of life.

Cervical cancer is the easiest gynecologic cancer to prevent, with regular screening tests and follow-up. Two screening tests can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early—

  • The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancers, cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately.
  • The HPV test looks for the virus (human papillomavirus) that can cause these cell changes.

Choosing the treatment that is right for you may be hard. Talk to your cancer doctor about the treatment options available for your type and stage of cancer. Your doctor can explain the risks and benefits of each treatment and their side effects. Side effects are how your body reacts to drugs or other treatments.

Sometimes people get an opinion from more than one cancer doctor. This is called a “second opinion.” Getting a second opinion may help you choose the treatment that is right for you.

Resources

Filter:

News | Aug 21, 2018Women’s Health Advocates Applaud USPSTF Decision To Retain Co-Testing in Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines
News | Aug 13, 2018It’s time to observe National Immunization Awareness Month!
News | Jul 19, 2018The Prevent Cancer Foundation® commends Reps. Young and DeLauro for protecting access to comprehensive cervical cancer screening
News | Jun 4, 2018Take the pledge: Health care professionals commit to talking to patients about HPV and cancer
News | Apr 16, 2018National Minority Health Month
News | Feb 27, 2018Celebrity Big Brother winner and Broadway star Marissa Jaret Winokur wants you to Think About the Link® between HPV and cancer
Video | Nov 7, 2017Campaign Overview Video
News | Sep 14, 2017Broadway star and Tony Award-winner wants you to Think About the Link® between viruses and cancer
Video | Sep 12, 2017Marissa Jaret Winokur wants you to Think About the Link®
News | Jul 31, 2017College of American Pathologists Foundation teams with Prevent Cancer Foundation® to curb cancer in Appalachia
News | Jul 13, 2017Media Advisory: Tony Award winner Marissa Jaret Winokur to share personal cancer story and talk about the importance of HPV vaccination
News | Jun 29, 2017Think About the Link® on Capitol Hill
News | May 3, 2017Navigating women to healthier lives
Video | May 1, 2017Think About the Link® PSA featuring Alejandro Escovedo (60 sec)
Video | May 1, 2017Think About the Link® PSA featuring Alejandro Escovedo (30 sec)
News | Feb 17, 2017ICYMI: February 17, 2017
News | Feb 7, 2017Cancer-associated viruses are a threat to those living with HIV
News | Jan 27, 2017ICYMI: January 27, 2017
News | Jan 24, 2017Cervical cancer kills more women than we thought
News | Jan 23, 2017January is Cervical Cancer Awareness Month: One family’s cervical cancer journey
News | Jan 19, 2017No woman should die of cervical cancer
News | Jan 13, 2017Community grantees promote cancer prevention through HPV vaccination
News | Dec 21, 2016Help Raise Awareness about the Link between Viruses and Cancer in Minority Populations
News | Aug 17, 2016Do your kids have everything they need to start school?
News | Apr 21, 2016Closing the Gaps in Health Care During National Minority Health Month
News | Mar 31, 2016Think About the Link Between Viruses and Cancer
News | Mar 18, 2016ICYMI: March 18, 2016
News | Mar 11, 2016ICYMI: March 11, 2016
News | Feb 5, 2016ICYMI: February 5, 2016
News | Jan 28, 2016Protect Yourself Against Cervical Cancer
News | Jan 26, 2016Prevent Cancer Foundation Launches Think About the Link® Campaign
News | Dec 4, 2015ICYMI: December 4, 2015
News | Nov 19, 2015Cervical Cancer Screening Technology comes to Rwanda
News | Oct 1, 2015Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Resources
News | Jul 17, 20152015 Community Grant Awardees Announced
News | Apr 30, 2015Lay Health Workers Encourage Latinas to Be Screened

Preventing cancer is kind of a big deal, right?

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