Early Detection Screening Chart

Women

Who What When Why
3 years after first intercourse, or no later than age 21 and until age 30. Pelvic examination Pap test OR  Liquid-based pap test Once a year  Once a year Every 2 years To screen for cervical cancer and pre-cancerous cells
In your 20s and 30s Breast self examination (BSE) Clinical breast examination (CBE) BSE monthly
CBE every 3 years
To screen for changes in breast tissue
30 and older Pap, pelvic exam and HPV test Every 3 years To screen for cervical cancer, precancerous cells and human papillomavirus
40 and older BSE, mammogram and CBE BSE monthly, mammogram and CBE once a year To screen for breast cancer

Women and Men

Who What When Why
Age 50 and older One of the following:
Tests that find pre-cancer and cancer:
1. Colonoscopy Every 10 years To screen for colorectal cancer and precancerous polyps.
2. Virtual colonoscopy Every 5 years To screen for colorectal cancer and precancerous polyps.
3. Flexible sigmoidoscopy Every 5 years To screen for colorectal cancer and precancerous polyps.
4. Double contrast barium enema Every 5 years To screen for colorectal cancer and precancerous polyps.
Tests that mainly find cancer:
1. Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) Every year To screen for colorectal cancer
2. Fecal immunohistochemical test (FIT) Every year To screen for colorectal cancer
3. Stool DNA (sDNA) test Ask your health care professional To screen for colorectal cancer
Young adulthood and older Skin examination Once a year To screen for skin cancer
Oral examination Self oral examination Once a year Monthly To screen for oral cancer

Men

Who What When Why
Young adulthood and older Testicular self exam (TSE)
Clinical testicular exam (CTE)
TSE monthly
CTE once a year
To screen for changes in the testicles
Age 50 and older Digital rectal exam (DRE)
PSA screening
Once a year To screen for prostate cancer