Cervical Cancer Risk Factors

  • Women who have the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted virus
  • Women who began having sex at an early age
  • Women who have multiple sex partners
  • Women who don’t have regular Pap tests
  • Women who smoke
  • Women who have used birth control pills for a long time
  • Women with weakened immune systems, such as women who have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Women who are overweight or obese
  • Women who have a close relative, such as a sister or mother, who has had cervical cancer
  • Women who were exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) before birth