Testicular Cancer

Each year, nearly 9,000 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer and more than 10 percent die from the disease. It is the most common cancer in men age 15 to 35. When found early and treated appropriately, testicular cancer is usually curable.

Risk Factors

You might be at increased risk for testicular cancer if you:

  • Had an undescended testicle(s) at birth or other abnormal development of the testes
  • Are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Have a genetic problem caused by having an extra X chromosome
  • Have a personal or family history of testicular cancer
  • Are Caucasian

Symptoms

Talk with your health care professional right away if you have any of these symptoms:

  • A painless lump, enlargement or swelling in either testicle
  • A change in how the testicle feels
  • Dull aching in the lower abdomen, back or groin
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
  • Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

Prevention

If you have a son who was born with an undescended testicle, talk with his health care professional about correcting it before he reaches puberty

Early Detection

  • Ask your health care professional to examine your testicles as part of your routine physical exam
  • Talk with your health care professional about testicular self-exam. It is one way to get to know what is normal for you. If you notice a change, talk with your health care professional right away.

 

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Treatment Options

Testicular cancer treatment depends on the stage and type of the cancer and the size of the tumor. It also depends on whether the cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Treatment can include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, alone or in combination.

Additional Resources

Fact Sheet
Testicular Cancer Fact Sheet (English)
Download the PDF (157kb)
Testicular Cancer Fact Sheet (Spanish)
Download the PDF (157kb)
Guide to Prevent Cancer
Download the Guide
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