At Risk Groups

 

African-Americans
American Indians and Alaska Natives
Asian-Americans
Ashkenazic Jews
Hispanics

African-Americans

Colorectal cancer:

  • Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer among both African-American men and women. Each year, more than 16,000 African-Americans are diagnosed with colorectal cancer and more than 7,000 die of the disease.
  • The colorectal cancer incidence and death rates are higher among African-Americans than among any other ethnic or racial group in the United States.
  • African-Americans are less likely to be screened for colorectal cancer than non-Hispanic whites
    • Among African-Americans age 50 and older surveyed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) in 2005 (most recent data available), fewer than 11 percent reported having a fecal occult blood test in the past year. Only 36.9 percent of those surveyed were screened by sigmoidoscopy in the past five years or colonoscopy in the past 10 years.
  • African-Americans are less likely to have colorectal cancer detected in its early, more easily treated stages than are non-Hispanic whites.
  • African-Americans with colorectal cancer are less likely to receive recommended treatment.
  • African-Americans are less likely to live five or more years after being diagnosed with colorectal cancer. Based on the most recent data available, from 1999 to 2006, the five-year colorectal cancer survival rate was 57 percent for African-Americans compared with 68 percent for non-Hispanic whites
  • Diet and tobacco use may increase African-Americans’ risk of developing colon cancer.

To find out what you can do to reduce your risk of colorectal cancer, click here.

Prostate cancer:

  • African-American men are at higher risk for prostate cancer than their white and non-white Hispanic counterparts.

Skin cancer:

  • People with paler skin tones are more likely to develop melanoma than those with darker complexions. However anyone, regardless of skin color, may develop skin cancer.
  • People with darker skin tones often detect their skin cancer at later stages, when it is more difficult to treat.

American Indians and Alaska Natives

Colorectal cancer:

  • Cancer rates vary in American Indian/Alaska Native communities across the country. Colorectal cancer incidence rates (the rate of people in a group diagnosed with a disease in a specific period of time) for American Indians/Alaska Natives are much higher in Alaska and the Northern Plains than they are in the Southwest.
  • According to the most recent national data available, between 1997 and 2006, incidence rates for colorectal cancer in men and women declined in every ethnic and racial group, except among American Indian/Alaska Native women.
  • Overall, American Indians and Alaska Natives are less likely than non-Hispanic whites to be screened for colorectal cancer or to be diagnosed with colorectal cancer in early, easier-to-treat stages

To find out what you can do to reduce your risk of colorectal cancer, click here.

Ashkenazic Jews

Breast cancer:

  • Women of Ashkenazic Jewish descent are at increased risk of breast cancer due to the presence of BRCA 1 and 2 gene mutations in this group
  • Genetic testing is available to test for the BRCA gene mutations. Learn more about genetic testing and your options here.

To find out what you can do to reduce your risk of breast cancer, click here.

Asian-Americans

Overall, Asian-Americans have the lowest cancer incidence and death rates when compared to non-Hispanic whites, African-Americans and Hispanics in the US.

Among Asian-Americans, Chinese-Americans have the highest rates of colorectal cancer.

To find out what you can do to reduce your risk of colorectal cancer, click here.

Hispanics

Colorectal cancer:

  • Colorectal cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in Hispanics. Each year, more than 10,000 Hispanics are diagnosed with colorectal cancer and more than 3,000 die of the disease.
  • Hispanics are less likely to get screened for the disease than are African-Americans or non-Hispanic whites.
    • Among Hispanics age 50 and older in a survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2005 (most recent data available), less than 10 percent reported having a fecal occult blood test in the preceding year. Only 28.3 percent of those surveyed were screened by sigmoidoscopy in the past five years or colonoscopy in the last ten years. Hispanics have the lowest screening rate for colorectal cancer among ethnic and racial groups surveyed.
  • Only four of 10 Hispanics with colorectal cancer are diagnosed in early, easier-to-treat stages.

To find out what you can do to reduce your risk of colorectal cancer, click here.