Key Congressional Committees

U.S. Senate

Senate Committee on Appropriations 
The U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations is the largest committee in the Senate and its role is defined by the U.S. Constitution which requires “appropriations made by law” prior to the expenditure of any money from the Federal treasury. The committee writes the legislation that allocates federal funds to the numerous government agencies, departments, and organizations on an annual basis. Appropriations are limited to the levels set by a Budget Resolution, drafted by the Senate Budget Committee. There are 12 subcommittees tasked with drafting legislation to allocate funds to government agencies within their jurisdictions. 
Chair: Senator Thad Cochran (R-MS) @SenThadCochran
Ranking Member: Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) @SenatorBarb

Subcommittee on Labor, Health, Human Services, Education,   and Related Agencies (LHHS)
The Subcommittee has jurisdiction over the Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Labor and related agencies. 
Chair: Senator Roy Blunt (R-MO) @RoyBlunt
Ranking Member: Senator Patty Murray (D-WA) @PattyMurray

Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies
The Subcommittee has jurisdiction over the Department of Agriculture (except Forest Service), Farm Credit Administration, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 
Chair: Senator Jerry Moran (R-KS) @Jerry Moran
Ranking Member: Senator Jeff Merkley (D-OR) @SenJeffMerkley

Senate Budget Committee
The Senate Budget Committee was created in 1974 and determines fiscal priorities by creating the federal budget. The Budget Committees (including the House counterpart) are responsible for drafting Congress’ annual budget plan and monitoring action on the budget for the federal government. In addition, the Budget Committees have jurisdiction over the operation of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). 
Chair: Senator Michael B. Enzi (R-WY) @SenatorEnzi
Ranking Member: Senator Bernie Sanders (D-VT) @SenSanders

Senate Committee on Finance
The Finance Committee is concerned with matters related to: taxation and other revenue measures generally, and those relating to the insular possessions; bonded debt of the United States; customs, collection districts, and ports of entry and delivery; reciprocal trade agreements; tariff and import quota, and related matters thereto; the transportation of dutiable goods; deposit of public moneys; general revenue sharing; health programs under the Social Security Act, including Medicare, Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), and other health and human services programs finances by a specific tax or trust fund; and national social security. 
Chair: Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) @RonWyden
Ranking Member: Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) @RonWyden

Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP)
The Senate HELP Committee is composed of three subcommittees, which have broad jurisdiction over our country’s health care, education, employment, and retirement policies. 
Chair: Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN) @SenAlexander
Ranking Member: Senator Patty Murray (D-WA) @PattyMurray

U.S. House of Representatives 

House Committee on Appropriations
The House Committee on Appropriations has a role that is defined by the U.S. Constitution which requires “appropriations made by law” prior to the expenditure of any money from the Federal treasury. The committee writes the legislation that allocates federal funds to the numerous government agencies, departments, and organizations on an annual basis. Appropriations are limited to the levels set by a Budget Resolution, drafted by the Senate Budget Committee. There are 12 subcommittees tasked with drafting legislation to allocate funds to government agencies within their jurisdictions.
Chair: Representative Hal Rogers (R-KY) @RepHalRogers
Ranking Member: Representative Nita Lowey (D-NY) @NitaLowey

Subcommittee on Labor, Health, Human Services, Education, and Related Services (LHHS)
The Subcommittee has jurisdiction over the Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Labor and related agencies. 
Chair: Representative Tom Cole (R-OK) @TomColeOK04
Ranking Member: Representative Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) @rosadelauro

Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
The Subcommittee has jurisdiction over the Department of Agriculture (except Forest Service), Farm Credit Administration, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 
Chair: Representative Robert Aderholt (R-AL) @Robert_Aderholt
Ranking Member: Representative Sam Farr (D-CA) @RepSamFarr

House Committee on the Budget
The House Budget Committee was created in 1974 and determines fiscal priorities by creating the federal budget. The Budget Committees (including the Senate counterpart) are responsible for drafting Congress’ annual budget plan and monitoring action on the budget for the federal government. In addition, the Budget Committees have jurisdiction over the operation of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). 
Chair: Representative Tom Price (R-GA) @RepTomPrice
Ranking Member: Representative Chris Van Hollen (D-MD) @ChrisVanHollen

House Committee on Energy and Commerce
The House Energy and Commerce Committee is the oldest standing legislative committee in the U.S. House of Representatives, and is vested with the broadest jurisdiction of any Congressional authorizing authority. It has responsibility for the nation’s telecommunications, consumer protection, food and drug safety, public health research, environmental quality, energy policy, and interstate and foreign commerce. It also oversees multiple cabinet-level Departments and independent agencies, including the Departments of Energy, Health and Human Services, Commerce, and Transportation as well as the Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Trade Commission, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Federal Communications Commission. 
Chair: Representative Fred Upton (R-MI) @RepFredUpton
Ranking Member: Representative Frank Pallone (D-NJ) @FrankPallone

Subcommittee on Health
This subcommittee has jurisdiction over: public health and quarantine; hospital construction; mental health; biomedical research and development; health information technology, privacy, and cybersecurity; public health insurance (Medicare, Medicaid) and private insurance; medical malpractice and medical malpractice insurance; the regulation of foods, drugs, and cosmetics; drug abuse; the Department of Health and Human Services; the National Institutes of Health; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Indian Health Service; and all aspects of the above-referenced jurisdiction related to the Department of Homeland Security. 
Chair: Representative Joe Pitts (R-PA) @RepJoePitts
Ranking Member: Representative Gene Green (D-TX) @RepGeneGreen

House Committee on Ways and Means
The House Ways and Means Committee is the oldest committee in the U.S. Congress and is the chief tax-writing committee in the House of Representatives. The Committee derives a large share of its jurisdiction from the U.S. Constitution which declares, “All Bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives.” The Committee has jurisdiction over taxation, tariffs, and other revenue-raising measures as well as social security, unemployment benefits, Medicare, enforcement of child support laws, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), and foster care and adoption programs.  
Chair: Representative Paul Ryan (R-WI) @RepPaulRyan
Ranking Member: Representative Sander Levin (D-MI) @repsandylevin